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89/686/CEE

Category CE Directive 89/686/CEE (Personal protective equipement)

Category I - Minor risks Category II - Intermediate risks Category III - Irreversible risks

For category III items, the number of the notified body attending the inspection and production phase appears below the CE mark.

Showa Best gloves compliant with the standard: 89/686/CEE

EN388

Protection against mechanical risks EN388

Specified and tested levels of resistance to the following risks:

  • Abrasion (0 to 4): number of cycles needed to break the glove at constant speed.
  • Cutting by slicing (0 to 5): index calculated based on the number of cycles needed to cut the glove at constant speed.
  • Tearing (0 to 4): force needed to tear the glove.
  • Puncturing (0 to 4): force needed to puncture the glove with a standardised steel pin.

The numbers below the symbol indicate the level of resistance achieved by the glove (from left to right) to abrasion, cutting, tearing and puncture.

Resistance (level) 0 1 2 3 4 5
Abrasion (cycles) < 100 100 500 2000 8000 -
Cutting (index) < 1,2 1,2 2,5 5 10 20
Tearing (newtons) < 10 10 25 50 75 -
Puncture (newtons) < 20 20 60 100 150 -

Showa Best gloves compliant with the standard: EN388

EN374-2

Protection against micro-organisms EN374-2

The glove is considered to be resistant to microorganisms if it has successfully undergone the penetration test (air and/or water leak test) and if it meets at least level 2 of the penetration test set out in the table below:

Performance level Unit of acceptable quality level ISO 2859 inspection levels
Level 3 < 0,65 G1
Level 2 < 1,5 G1
Level 1 < 4,0 S4

Showa Best gloves compliant with the standard: EN374-2

EN374-3

Protection against chemicals EN374-3

Tested level (0 to 6) of time taken for various chemicals to pass through the glove (permeation).

Measured breakthrough timePermeation performance index
>101
>302
>603
>1204
>2405
>4806

If the glove shows the first symbol, it has achieved a performance index at least equal to 2 for three of the chemicals listed below:

Letter codeChemicalCAS numberClass
AMethanol67-56-1Primary alcohol
BAcetone67-64-1Ketone
CAcetonitrile75-05-8Nitrile
DDichloromethane75-09-2Chlorinated hydrocarbon
ECarbon disulphide75-15-0Organic compound containing sulphur
FToluene108-88-3Aromatic hydrocarbon
GDiethylamine109-89-7Amine
HTetrahydrofurane109-99-9Heterocyclic ether
IEthyl acetate141-78-6Ester
Jn-Heptane142-85-5Saturated hydrocarbon
KCaustic soda 40%1310-73-2Inorganic base
LSulphuric acid 96%7664-93-9Inorganic mineral acid

If the glove shows the second symbol, it has not met the conditions required for the first symbol.

Showa Best gloves compliant with the standard: EN374-3

EN511

Cold protection EN511

Tested levels of glove performance in terms of the following risks:

  • Climatic or industrial cold transmitted by convection (0 to 4).
  • Climatic or industrial cold transmitted by contact (0 to 4).
  • Impermeability to water (0 or 1).

If the glove shows this symbol, it has achieved a performance index for (from left to right) climatic cold or industrial cold transmitted by convection, climatic cold or industrial cold transmitted by contact, impermeability to water.

EN407

Protection against thermal risks (heat and/or fire) EN407

 

Specified and tested levels of performance to the following risks:

  • Burning behavior (1 to 4): time needed for ignition after flame or after glow.
  • Contact heat (1 to 4): temperature needed to achieve threshold time.
  • Convective heat (1 to 4): convective heat transfer index.
  • Radiant heat (1 to 4): radiant heat transfer index.
  • Small splashes of molten metal (1 to 4): number of droplets which produce a temperature rise of 40°C.
  • Large quantities of molten metal (1 to 4): weight of molten iron for which glove resist without any smoothness or other changes to the grained surface.

The sign X, instead of a number, means that the glove is not designed for the use covered by the corresponding test.

The numbers below the symbol indicate the level of performance achieved by the glove (from left to right) to burning behavior, contact heat, convective heat, radiant heat, small splashes of molten metal and large quantities of molten metal. 

 

Contact Heat

 

Performance levelcontact heat (°C)Threshold time (s)
1100≥ 15
2250≥ 15
3350≥ 15
4500≥ 15

 

Showa Best gloves compliant with the standard: EN407

Stainless steel

 

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox is defined as a steel alloy with a minimum of 10,5 % chromium content by mass. Stainless steel does not corrode, rust or stain with water as ordinary steel does. Stainless steel can be combined with another fiber in order to significantly improve the cut resistance. When adding this reinforcement to another fiber, EN 388:2003 cut levels of 4/5 become possible. Stainless steel adds significant cut resistance to gloves however the testing procedures (both EN388:2003, ISO 13997-1999 and ASTM F1790) have difficulties showing the true protection level as the tests are both based on the cutting blade contacting a metal surface to stop the test. The steel yarn gives the machine a "false" read and ends the test..

Glass Fiber

 

Glass fiber is a material consisting of numerous extremely fine fibers of glass. Glass fiber can be combined with another fiber in order to improve the cut resistance. It makes the liner surface so slippery that the blade "slides" over the yarn and dulls the microscopic edge of the blade.

Showa Best gloves made with this liner

Cotton

 

Natural cellulose fiber. Flexible, soft and non-irritating, it protects against mechanical aggression (impacts, low vibration, iron filings, splinters, glass fragments), absorbs perspiration and gives you great comfort when wearing dipped protective gloves continuously. Cotton fibers are mixed with polyester fibers in order to associate comfort with a higher mechanical resistance and more elasticity.

Nitrile

 

Anti-slip vulcanised synthetic rubber.

  • Excellent abrasion and cut resistance
  • Three times the puncture resistance of latex
  • Good mechanical performance
  • Excellent resistance to oil, grease and hydrocarbons
  • Good resistance to Acids, certain organic solvents, pesticides, oils and fuels
  • No latex proteins
  • Heat resistance (but no flame resistance)

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